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Covering much of Tibetan plateau, Tibet is considered to be the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpa, Qiang and Lhoba. It is also the home of many Han Chinese and Hui people. Tibet is considered to be one of the most culturally secured places as despite of customization and migration of many Chinese people to Lhasa, the Tibetan culture still reigns over any other culture there exists. Many languages are spoken in the region varying according to the different regions and their dialects. The people speak Dzongkha, Sikkimese, Sherpa, and Ladakhi, which are considered by their speakers, largely for political reasons, to be separate languages.
Being the highest region on earth, Tibet is quite famous for trekking tours. A lot of people for trekking purposes arrive to Tibet for exploration of Himalayan ranges and rare Tibetan culture. The Tibetan Plateau occupies an area four times the size of France and with an average elevation over 4,500m (14,800 ft) is often referred to as the “Roof of the World” or the “Third Pole” in reference to the number of glaciers and volume of ice that lies within the Himalayas. Tibet has the weather colder and drier than the weather of Nepal and India because of its elevation.
Tibet is famous for varieties of trekking routes; Advanced Everest base camp,Mount Kailash pilgrimage, Gyama Valley Trek, Tsurphu Yangchen trek, mount Shishapangma base camp trek and Gande to Samye trek. Among which Advanced Everest base camp trek is one of the most spectacular treks in Tibet and also the world’s highest elevation trek ending at 6,340 meters (20800 feet). The trek itself does not take more than a week but you need to tack on another 3 days on each side for the overland journey from either Lhasa or Kathmandu.